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Glossary

Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
AA1000 AccountAbility Standard AA1000 is a series of standards from AccountAbility to help organizations become more accountable, responsible and sustainable. www.accountability.org
AC Air Conditioning Air cooling system that provides thermal comfort in buildings, cars etc
ACWADAM Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management ACWADAM is a not-for-profit organization that aims to develop solutions to groundwater problems of today and tomorrow. www.acwadam.org/home.asp
ADR, ADS American Depository Receipt / Shares ADR represents ownership in shares of non-US company that trades in US financial markets
AGM Annual General Meeting An annual meeting of public companies with shareholders as required by law
ATREE Ashoka Trust for research in Ecology and Environment NGO, based in India, working to promote environmental conservation and sustainable development www.atree.org
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
BBBEEE Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE or B-BBEE as written by the South African government) is a form of Economic Empowerment initiated by the South African government in response to criticism against Narrow Based Empowerment instituted in the country during 2003/2004.
BPO Business Process Outsourcing A form of outsourcing that involves contracting of operations of specific business functions or processes to a third-party service provider
BRR Business Responsibility Report Disclosures by listed entities from a Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) perspective as mandated by SEBI.
BS25999 BS 25999 was BSI's standard in the field of Business Continuity Management (BCM)
BSE Bombay Stock Exchange
BSE Carbonex Bombay Stock Exchange BSE Carbonex is a first of its kind index in India that takes a strategic view of organizational commitment to climate change mitigation.
BWSSB Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board The Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) is the premier governmental agency responsible for sewage disposal and water supply to the Indiancity of Bangalore www.bwssb.org
BWSSB Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board http://mybwssb.org/home
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
C&B Compensation and Benefits
CARE India A national development organization in India fighting poverty and exclusion by empowering women and girls from the poor and marginalized communities https://www.careindia.org/
CDP, CDLI Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index An independent not-for-profit, investor backed organization working to drive greenhouse gas emissions reduction and sustainable water use by business and cities. CDLI is a disclosure leadership index designed by CDP.   www.cdp.net
CEE Centre for Environment Education A national institution with its headquarters in Ahmedabad working to promote environmental awareness nationwide www.ceeindia.org/
CEO Chief Executive Officer One of the highest-ranking corporate officers in charge of total management
CEP Continuous Engagement Programme earthian’s three phase continuous engagement program with primary objective to devise means of deeper, more meaningful engagement with earthian awardees for whole school whole system development.
CFL Compact Fluroscent Lamp A type of fluorescent lamp, used for lighting purposes, requiring less power compared to traditional incandescent lamps.
CII Confederation of Indian Industry A non-government, not-for-profit business association that works towards creating and sustaining an environment conducive to the growth of industry in India. www.cii.in
CIO Chief Information Officer An executive responsible for development, implementation and operation of a firm’s information technology policy to facilitate management control over all corporate resources.
CISO Chief Information Security Officer
CO2 Carbon Dioxide One of the main greenhouse cases as per the Kyoto and Montreal protocols.
COBC [W] Code of Business Conduct Corporation wide code of business conduct and ethics that sets the broad direction and defines specific guidelines for all business transactions. www.wipro.com/documents/investors/pdf-files/Code_of_Business_Conduct_and_Ethics_March_2011.pdf
CRO Chief Risk Officer
C-SAT [W] Customer Satisfaction Commonly denotes a customer satisfaction initiative, like feedback or survey.
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility Common term used to denote, primarily, voluntary initiatives by the organisation in environmental and social areas - which may be (or even otherwise) to mitigate impacts due to the its product, service or operations.
CSTEP Non -profit organization undertaking research in issues of science and technology in human development, economic growth and security www.cstep.in/
CSTP Common Sewage Treatment plants
CSTP Common Sewage Treatment Plant A unit that uses physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove contaminants from wastewater and household sewage, both runoff (effluents) and domestic.
CTO Chief Technology office
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
D&I Diversity and Inclusion
DEFRA U K Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs - Government of United Kingdom
DG Diesel Generator An equipment to generate electric energy fueled by diesel.
DJSI Dow Jones Sustainability Index An index created by Dow Jones and SAM to provide asset managers with reliable and objective benchmarks to manage sustainability portfolios. www.djindexes.com/sustainability
DNV Det Norske Veritas An audit organization, established in Norway in 1860’s, with worldwide operations. www.dnv.in
DP Principles Data Privacy principles
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
EC Electronic City
EHS Environment, Health and Safety A group within organizations that takes care of workplace environment, health and safety issues like preventing accidents and reducing environmental impact
EI Engagement Index Wipro BPO launched the Engagement Index (EI) in 2010, to enhance engagement effectiveness for first level and mid-level people managers from business across operations.
E-I-O Econometric input-output A model by Trucost that estimates environmental impact intensity to revenues for each of the 500 business activities/sector groupings in their database.
ELCITA Electronic City Industry Township Association The governing body of the Electonics City Industrial Township. www.elcita.in
EMS Environment Management System A set of processes and practices that enable an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating efficiency.
EOL End Of Life End-of-life (EOL) is a term used with respect to a Product supplied to customers, indicating that the product is in the end of its useful lifetime and a vendor will no longer be Marketing, Selling, or Sustaining a particular product and may also be limiting or ending support for the product.
EPA Environment Protection Agency US regulatory authority for environment related matters and issues. www.epa.gov
ERM Enterprise Risk Management A framework for risk management, involving identification of risks and opportunities relevant to the organization's objectives, assessing likelihood and magnitude of impact, determining a response strategy, and monitoring progress.
ESG Environment, Social and Governance Common acronym to include themes relevant to sustainability.
e-waste Electronic Waste Waste material that comprises of electronic devices or their electronic parts.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
FAR Floor area
FICCI Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry A non-government, not-for-profit association of business organizations playing a leading role in policy debates in the social, economic and political spheres. www.ficci.com
FMCG Fast Moving Consumer Goods A term used for the category of products that are sold relatively quickly and are generally replaced or fully used up over shorter periods like soaps, detergents and food products
FMG[W] Facilities Management Group Team responsible for overall management of facilities and campuses for Indian locations.
FSSAI Food Safety and Standards Authority of India The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an agency of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
FTSE4Good Financial Times Stock Exchange Index Series designed to measure the performance of companies demonstrating strong Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) practices.
FY Financial year Accounting year. In India this is from 1st April to 31st March of the subsequent year.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles the standard framework of guidelines for financial accounting used in any given jurisdiction, which includes the standards, conventions, and rules accountants follow.
GDP Gross Domestic Product A basic measure of a country’s economic output i.e. the market value of all final goods and services made within the borders of a country in a year.
GEC [W] Group Executive Council Top executive governance body of Wipro, comprising the Chairman
GERT GHG Emissions Reduction Target
GHG Greenhouse gases Gases in the atmosphere like CO2, methane and nitrous oxide that cause the greenhouse effect of trapping heat within the surface-troposphere system. www.ghgprotocol.org
GRI Global Reporting Initiative A network-based organization that developed the world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework that sets out the principles and indicators that organizations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental, and social performance. www.globalreporting.org
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
HFC Hydrofluorocarbon family of gases Part of a family of Kyoto 6 Greenhouse Gases.
HR Human Resources A term used to refer to how people are managed by organizations.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
ICT Information and Communication Technologies A term that includes technologies, both hardware and software, that provide access to information or means to communicate, used in specific contexts like education.
IDC International Data Corporation A global market intelligence firm. https://www.idc.com/
IDP Individual Development Plan An individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development with the primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career goals, as well as improve current job performance.
IESC Integrated Employee Support Centre A 24x7 helpline to which acts as a one stop solution for employee queries and clarifications on HR, Payroll and Transport services.
IFMS Integrated Facility Management Sourcing Consolidation of all services across facility management, including consumables under one single scope of service and outcome based model, wherein one supplier is accountable for delivery & performance.
IFRS International Financial Reporting Standards Standards, Interpretations and the Framework adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board. www.ifrs.com
IGBC Indian Green Building Council Council to facilitate green buildings in India www.igbc.in
IIL Industrial Injury Leave Leave taken due to injury at workplace or during commute.
IIRC The International Integrated Reporting Council The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is a global coalition of regulators, investors, companies, standard setters, the accounting profession and NGOs which shares the view that communication about value creation should be the next step in the evolution of corporate reporting.
IMF International Monetary Fund The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., in theUnited States, of 188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
INR Indian Rupee The currency of India.
IOO Input Output Outcome
IOT Internet of Things The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors and connectivity to enable it to achieve greater value and service by exchanging data with the manufacturer, operator and/or other connected devices.
IP Intellectual Property A term that refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce
IPCC International Panel on Climate Change A scientific intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of climate change caused by human activity
IRCA International Register of Certificated Auditors The International Register of Certificated Auditors is an international certification body for auditors of management systems provides certification programs
IRMC . Information Risk Management & Policy Compliance Group
ISMS Information Security Management System An information security management system (ISMS) is a set of policies concerned with information security management or IT related risks.
ISO International Standards Organization The world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards to specify the requirements for state-of-the-art products, services, processes, materials and systems, and for good conformity assessment, managerial and organizational practice
ISTE Indian Society for Technical Education Program unit under the Minstry of Human Resources Development responsible for coordinating quality improvement programs for engineering colleges and polytechnic institute faculty www.isteonline.in
IT Information Technology The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware
IT-BPM Information Technology- Business Process Management
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
KL KiloLiter A unit of length in the metric system equal to one thousand liters
KM KiloMeter A unit of length in the metric system equal to one thousand meters
KSWN Karnataka State Water Network Karnataka State Water Network is a platform that aims to bring together groups working on water
KWH KiloWatt Hour A common unit for measuring electricity, which is equal to the amount of energy expended (or dissipated) if work is done at a constant rate of one thousand watts for one hour
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design A Green Building Rating System, developed by the U.S. Green Building Council, providing a suite of standards for environmentally sustainable construction www.usgbc.org/leed
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gases A mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
MDG Millennium Development Goals Eight international development goals that 192 UN member states have agreed to achieve by the year 2015 including reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates etc
Mn Million A number equivalent of a thousand thousands (1,000,000)
MSCI Provider of investment decision support tools to investment institutions worldwide.  https://www.msci.com/
MSSS Mythri Sarva Seva Samithi  Mythri Sarva Seva Samithi, Bangalore (1987) is a registered, nonprofit organization involved with urban poor and waste related environmental issues.
MSW Mixed Solid Waste Mixed waste refers to any combination of waste types with different properties. 
MT Metric Tonnes A unit of measure in the metric system denoting 1000 Kilograms
MTLC Mission10X Technology Learning Centers MTLC is a collaborative effort between Mission10X and partner institution to enhance the Engineering attributes of the Engineering graduates through Project Based Learning (PBL)
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
NASSCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies The premier trade body and the chamber of commerce of the Information Technology – Business Process Outsourcing industries in India www.nasscom.org
NCC The Natural Capital Coalition The Natural Capital Coalition is a global, multi stakeholder open source platform for supporting the development of methods for natural and social capital valuation in business. www.naturalcapitalcoalition.org
NCF Nature Conservation Foundation The Nature Conservation Foundation is a non-governmental wildlife conservation and research organization which promote the use of science for wildlife conservation in India ncf-india.org
NCF National Curriculum Framework The National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005) is one of four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India. The document provides the framework for making syllabii,[1] textbooks and teaching practices within the school education programmes in India. The
NGO Non Government Organization A legally constituted, non-governmental organization created by natural or legal persons with no participation or representation of any government
NHRD National Human Resources Development The National HRD Network is the National Apex body of professionals committed to promoting the HRD movement in the country and enhancing the capability of human resource professionals to compete globally and thereby creating value for society.
NOx Oxides of Nitrogen Any binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen like nitrous oxide or a mixture of such compounds
NSE National Stock Exchange National Stock Exchange, based in India www.nseindia.com
NVG National Voluntary Guidelines A set of nine principles that offer businesses an Indian understanding and approach to inculcating responsible business conduct. www.nyse.com
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  An international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. www.oecd.org
OHSAS Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series an international occupational health and safety management system specification intended to help organizations control occupational health and safety risks www.ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety.com
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
PAQM Participative aquifer mapping The Responsible Water program of Wipro to create a community centered participatory approach for management of ground water in Sarjapur area.
PBT profit Profit Before Tax Sales revenue minus cost of goods sold and all expenses except for taxes.
PDC Upcoming Wipro campus in Pune
PEET Partner Employee Engagement (PEET) The program initiated by Wipro to enable career growth, training and competency development of contract workforce in order to enhance retention possibilities
PF Provident Fund Contributions based state provision with an aim to provide a fund due to retirement, unemployment, sickness etc. www.epfindia.com
PGWM Participative Ground Water Management
POC Persistent organic chemicals Particulate organic carbon (POC) is that carbon that is too large and is filtered out of a sample.
POP Persistent organic pollutants Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) areorganic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
PPA Power purchase agreements Power purchase agreements are contracts between two parties, one who generates electricity for the purpose (the seller) and one who is looking to purchase electricity (the buyer).
PPM Planned Preventive Maintenance A scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.
PRI &PRII Principles for Responsible Investment An investor initiative in partnership with UNEP Finance Initiative and the UN Global Compact. www.unpri.org
PSCI The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative (PSCI) is a group of pharmaceutical and healthcare companies who share a vision of better, social, environmental and economic outcomes in the communities where they buy. pscinitiative.org
PwD Person with Disabilities
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 Quarter 1 / 2/ 3 / 4 Quarters of financial year
QES Quality Education Study Study of popular schools in India's metros on student learning outcomes, but also student attitudes and values, co-scholastic learning and organizational aspects and learning environment in partnership with Educational Initiatives (EI).
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
R&D Research and Development A function within an organization through which new products and new forms of old products are created through technological innovation by doing basic and/or applied research.
RE Renewable Energy Renewable energy is generally defined asenergy that comes from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat.
Rs Rupees ( Indian currency) A symbol for the currency of India.
RS Responsible Siting Responsible Siting (RS) is the freshwater demand that can be potentially met by rainwater.
RSI Repetitive Strain Injuries A repetitive strain injury (RSI) is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
S&P ESG India Index Standard & Poor Environment, Society & Governance Index which measures environmental, social, and corporate governing practices based on quantitative rather than subjective factors with the implementation of a unique and innovative methodology standardized by S&P Indices.
SAP SAP is one of the largest enterprise software companies in the world. www.sap.com
SBU Strategic Business Unit Strategic business unit (SBU) is a profit center which focuses on product offering and market segment.
SCOC Supplier Code of Conduct Code of business conduct and ethics that sets the broad direction and defines specific guidelines for all suppliers.
SEBI Securities and Exchange board of India Regulatory body in India with a mandate to protect investors and regulate securities markets. www.sebi.gov.in
Sedex Supplier Ethical Data Exchange A not for profit membership organisation dedicated to driving improvements in responsible and ethical business. www.sedexglobal.com
SL Service Lines
SLIM Student Learning in Metros A national level research study to understand how well children are learning in the top schools of our country jointly conducted by EI and Wipro – Applying Thought in Schools.
SME Small and Medium Enterprise
Solar PV Solar PhotoVoltaic Arrays of cells that convert solar radiation into direct current electricity.
SOx Oxides of Sulphur Any binary compound of oxygen and sulphur like sulphur dioxide.
SPM Suspended particulate matter A collective name for fine solid or liquid particles added to the atmosphere by processes at the earth's surface.
STP Software Technology Park Software Technology Parks of India (STPI), is a society set up by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India in 1991, with the objective of encouraging, promoting and boosting the Software Exports from India.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
T (used in conjunction with material) Tonnes Unit of measure in the metric system, equivalent to 1000 kilograms. Used in conjunction with materials like TCO2 is for Tonnes of Carbon dioxide.
TEEB The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is a global initiative focused on drawing attention to the economic benefits of biodiversity including the growing cost of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. www.teebweb.org
TERI BCSD The Energy and Resources Institute World Business Council for Sustainable Development The Indian partner of the WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development), Geneva set up by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in 2001 to create a synergy for the corporate sector as a whole to move towards sustainability. bcsd.teri.res.in
TIE Theatre in Education Theatre in Education (TIE) is a process in which it includes all the interactive theatre/drama practices that help aid the educational process.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
U.N. United Nations an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and the achieving of world peace. www.un.org
UAE United Arab Emirates
UCF Unified Competency Framework A step-by-step competency building exercise for employees to up-skill technically through structured learning & assessment.
UMASS University of Massachusetts Boston www.umass.edu
UNDP United Nations Development Programme The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life and advocating for change. www.in.undp.org
UNEP United Nations Environment Program www.unep.org
UNGC United Nations Global Compact a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption. www.unglobalcompact.org
US, USA United States of America
USD United States Dollar The currency of United States of America.
USSEF US Science Education Fellowships Wipro's program focused on improving Science and Math education in schools primarily serving disadvantaged communities in US cities
UTLP Unified Technology Learning Platform UTLP (Unified Technology Learning Platform), a multi-disciplinary technology kit and curriculum in the colleges
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
VOC Volatile organic compounds Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
WARM Waste Reduction Model A model created by EPA (Environment Protection Agency, US) to track and report GHG emissions from different waste management practices.
WASE [W] Wipro Academy of Software Excellence WASE is a pioneering initiative in the field of higher education in collaboration with BITS Pilani that selects the finest students from the B.Sc streams for a four year work integrated program leading to an integrated degree in engineering.
WBPO [W] Wipro Business Process Services Wipro BPs+C56 Solutions is a leading provider of Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)focusing on the complex, voice and non-voice based segment of customer-care services. e BPO offerings are around – customer service, technical help desk, finance and accounts outsourcing, HR and procurement outsourcing. www.wipro.com 
WCCLG Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting (WCCLG) is among the top fastest growing FMCG companies in India.  www.wcclg.com
WebEX WebEx is an easy way to exchange ideas and information with anyone, anywhere which combines real-time desktop sharing with phone conferencing, so everyone sees the same thing as you talk.
WEESA Wipro Employability Enhancement for South Africa
WEF World Economic Forum An independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world through multi stakeholder engagements.
WEL Wipro Enterprise Limited
WI [W] Wipro Infotech Wipro Infotech is the leading strategic IT partner for companies across India and Middle East - offering integrated IT solutions. Wipro Infotech plans, deploys, sustains and maintains the entire IT lifecycle through, total outsourcing, consulting services, business solutions and professional services. Wipro Infotech is also leading provider of branded IT hardware like PC's and Servers in the Indian market. www.wipro.com 
WIN Wipro Infrastructure
WiSTA Wipro Software Technology Academy (WiSTA) The WiSTA (Wipro Software Technology Academy) is a programme launched by Wipro in 2011 which aims to provide an opportunity in the Earn While You Learn space by giving young science graduates the best in class IT training along with a 4-year M.S / M.Tech Program in Information Technology, received from VIT University, Vellore, prestigious and renowned University providing quality higher education.
WLQ Wipro Leaders Qualities Wipro Leaders Qualities (WLQ) survey which is a 360-degree feedback mechanism was extended to include middle managers, covering around 19,000 employees across the organization.
WOW Women Of Wipro An umbrella program in Wipro – with the primary aim in making the workplace more engaging, suitable and friendly for women.
WRI World Resources Insitute WRI is a global research organization that turns big ideas into action at the nexus of environment, economic opportunity and human well-being. www.wri.org
WS Water Sustainability Water Sustainability (WS) is amount of total demand met by rainfall and treated water.
WT [W] Wipro Technologies Wipro Technologies, a division of Wipro Limited (NYSE:WIT) provides comprehensive research and development services, IT solutions and services, including systems integration, information systems outsourcing, package implementation, software application management, and datacenter managed services to corporations globally. www.wipro.com 
WWF World Wildlife Fund The leading organization in wildlife conservation and endangered species. www.wwfindia.org
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Acronym Expansion Brief Explanation Website reference
AA1000 AccountAbility Standard AA1000 is a series of standards from AccountAbility to help organizations become more accountable, responsible and sustainable. www.accountability.org
AC Air Conditioning Air cooling system that provides thermal comfort in buildings, cars etc
ACWADAM Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management ACWADAM is a not-for-profit organization that aims to develop solutions to groundwater problems of today and tomorrow. www.acwadam.org/home.asp
ADR, ADS American Depository Receipt / Shares ADR represents ownership in shares of non-US company that trades in US financial markets
AGM Annual General Meeting An annual meeting of public companies with shareholders as required by law
ATREE Ashoka Trust for research in Ecology and Environment NGO, based in India, working to promote environmental conservation and sustainable development www.atree.org
BBBEEE Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE or B-BBEE as written by the South African government) is a form of Economic Empowerment initiated by the South African government in response to criticism against Narrow Based Empowerment instituted in the country during 2003/2004.
BPO Business Process Outsourcing A form of outsourcing that involves contracting of operations of specific business functions or processes to a third-party service provider
BRR Business Responsibility Report Disclosures by listed entities from a Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) perspective as mandated by SEBI.
BS25999 BS 25999 was BSI's standard in the field of Business Continuity Management (BCM)
BSE Bombay Stock Exchange
BSE Carbonex Bombay Stock Exchange BSE Carbonex is a first of its kind index in India that takes a strategic view of organizational commitment to climate change mitigation.
BWSSB Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board The Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) is the premier governmental agency responsible for sewage disposal and water supply to the Indiancity of Bangalore www.bwssb.org
BWSSB Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board http://mybwssb.org/home
C&B Compensation and Benefits
CARE India A national development organization in India fighting poverty and exclusion by empowering women and girls from the poor and marginalized communities https://www.careindia.org/
CDP, CDLI Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index An independent not-for-profit, investor backed organization working to drive greenhouse gas emissions reduction and sustainable water use by business and cities. CDLI is a disclosure leadership index designed by CDP.   www.cdp.net
CEE Centre for Environment Education A national institution with its headquarters in Ahmedabad working to promote environmental awareness nationwide www.ceeindia.org/
CEO Chief Executive Officer One of the highest-ranking corporate officers in charge of total management
CEP Continuous Engagement Programme earthian’s three phase continuous engagement program with primary objective to devise means of deeper, more meaningful engagement with earthian awardees for whole school whole system development.
CFL Compact Fluroscent Lamp A type of fluorescent lamp, used for lighting purposes, requiring less power compared to traditional incandescent lamps.
CII Confederation of Indian Industry A non-government, not-for-profit business association that works towards creating and sustaining an environment conducive to the growth of industry in India. www.cii.in
CIO Chief Information Officer An executive responsible for development, implementation and operation of a firm’s information technology policy to facilitate management control over all corporate resources.
CISO Chief Information Security Officer
CO2 Carbon Dioxide One of the main greenhouse cases as per the Kyoto and Montreal protocols.
COBC [W] Code of Business Conduct Corporation wide code of business conduct and ethics that sets the broad direction and defines specific guidelines for all business transactions. www.wipro.com/documents/investors/pdf-files/Code_of_Business_Conduct_and_Ethics_March_2011.pdf
CRO Chief Risk Officer
C-SAT [W] Customer Satisfaction Commonly denotes a customer satisfaction initiative, like feedback or survey.
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility Common term used to denote, primarily, voluntary initiatives by the organisation in environmental and social areas - which may be (or even otherwise) to mitigate impacts due to the its product, service or operations.
CSTEP Non -profit organization undertaking research in issues of science and technology in human development, economic growth and security www.cstep.in/
CSTP Common Sewage Treatment plants
CSTP Common Sewage Treatment Plant A unit that uses physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove contaminants from wastewater and household sewage, both runoff (effluents) and domestic.
CTO Chief Technology office
D&I Diversity and Inclusion
DEFRA U K Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs - Government of United Kingdom
DG Diesel Generator An equipment to generate electric energy fueled by diesel.
DJSI Dow Jones Sustainability Index An index created by Dow Jones and SAM to provide asset managers with reliable and objective benchmarks to manage sustainability portfolios. www.djindexes.com/sustainability
DNV Det Norske Veritas An audit organization, established in Norway in 1860’s, with worldwide operations. www.dnv.in
DP Principles Data Privacy principles
EC Electronic City
EHS Environment, Health and Safety A group within organizations that takes care of workplace environment, health and safety issues like preventing accidents and reducing environmental impact
EI Engagement Index Wipro BPO launched the Engagement Index (EI) in 2010, to enhance engagement effectiveness for first level and mid-level people managers from business across operations.
E-I-O Econometric input-output A model by Trucost that estimates environmental impact intensity to revenues for each of the 500 business activities/sector groupings in their database.
ELCITA Electronic City Industry Township Association The governing body of the Electonics City Industrial Township. www.elcita.in
EMS Environment Management System A set of processes and practices that enable an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating efficiency.
EOL End Of Life End-of-life (EOL) is a term used with respect to a Product supplied to customers, indicating that the product is in the end of its useful lifetime and a vendor will no longer be Marketing, Selling, or Sustaining a particular product and may also be limiting or ending support for the product.
EPA Environment Protection Agency US regulatory authority for environment related matters and issues. www.epa.gov
ERM Enterprise Risk Management A framework for risk management, involving identification of risks and opportunities relevant to the organization's objectives, assessing likelihood and magnitude of impact, determining a response strategy, and monitoring progress.
ESG Environment, Social and Governance Common acronym to include themes relevant to sustainability.
e-waste Electronic Waste Waste material that comprises of electronic devices or their electronic parts.
FAR Floor area
FICCI Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry A non-government, not-for-profit association of business organizations playing a leading role in policy debates in the social, economic and political spheres. www.ficci.com
FMCG Fast Moving Consumer Goods A term used for the category of products that are sold relatively quickly and are generally replaced or fully used up over shorter periods like soaps, detergents and food products
FMG[W] Facilities Management Group Team responsible for overall management of facilities and campuses for Indian locations.
FSSAI Food Safety and Standards Authority of India The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an agency of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
FTSE4Good Financial Times Stock Exchange Index Series designed to measure the performance of companies demonstrating strong Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) practices.
FY Financial year Accounting year. In India this is from 1st April to 31st March of the subsequent year.
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles the standard framework of guidelines for financial accounting used in any given jurisdiction, which includes the standards, conventions, and rules accountants follow.
GDP Gross Domestic Product A basic measure of a country’s economic output i.e. the market value of all final goods and services made within the borders of a country in a year.
GEC [W] Group Executive Council Top executive governance body of Wipro, comprising the Chairman
GERT GHG Emissions Reduction Target
GHG Greenhouse gases Gases in the atmosphere like CO2, methane and nitrous oxide that cause the greenhouse effect of trapping heat within the surface-troposphere system. www.ghgprotocol.org
GRI Global Reporting Initiative A network-based organization that developed the world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework that sets out the principles and indicators that organizations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental, and social performance. www.globalreporting.org
HFC Hydrofluorocarbon family of gases Part of a family of Kyoto 6 Greenhouse Gases.
HR Human Resources A term used to refer to how people are managed by organizations.
ICT Information and Communication Technologies A term that includes technologies, both hardware and software, that provide access to information or means to communicate, used in specific contexts like education.
IDC International Data Corporation A global market intelligence firm. https://www.idc.com/
IDP Individual Development Plan An individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development with the primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career goals, as well as improve current job performance.
IESC Integrated Employee Support Centre A 24x7 helpline to which acts as a one stop solution for employee queries and clarifications on HR, Payroll and Transport services.
IFMS Integrated Facility Management Sourcing Consolidation of all services across facility management, including consumables under one single scope of service and outcome based model, wherein one supplier is accountable for delivery & performance.
IFRS International Financial Reporting Standards Standards, Interpretations and the Framework adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board. www.ifrs.com
IGBC Indian Green Building Council Council to facilitate green buildings in India www.igbc.in
IIL Industrial Injury Leave Leave taken due to injury at workplace or during commute.
IIRC The International Integrated Reporting Council The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is a global coalition of regulators, investors, companies, standard setters, the accounting profession and NGOs which shares the view that communication about value creation should be the next step in the evolution of corporate reporting.
IMF International Monetary Fund The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., in theUnited States, of 188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
INR Indian Rupee The currency of India.
IOO Input Output Outcome
IOT Internet of Things The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors and connectivity to enable it to achieve greater value and service by exchanging data with the manufacturer, operator and/or other connected devices.
IP Intellectual Property A term that refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce
IPCC International Panel on Climate Change A scientific intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of climate change caused by human activity
IRCA International Register of Certificated Auditors The International Register of Certificated Auditors is an international certification body for auditors of management systems provides certification programs
IRMC . Information Risk Management & Policy Compliance Group
ISMS Information Security Management System An information security management system (ISMS) is a set of policies concerned with information security management or IT related risks.
ISO International Standards Organization The world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards to specify the requirements for state-of-the-art products, services, processes, materials and systems, and for good conformity assessment, managerial and organizational practice
ISTE Indian Society for Technical Education Program unit under the Minstry of Human Resources Development responsible for coordinating quality improvement programs for engineering colleges and polytechnic institute faculty www.isteonline.in
IT Information Technology The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware
IT-BPM Information Technology- Business Process Management
KL KiloLiter A unit of length in the metric system equal to one thousand liters
KM KiloMeter A unit of length in the metric system equal to one thousand meters
KSWN Karnataka State Water Network Karnataka State Water Network is a platform that aims to bring together groups working on water
KWH KiloWatt Hour A common unit for measuring electricity, which is equal to the amount of energy expended (or dissipated) if work is done at a constant rate of one thousand watts for one hour
LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design A Green Building Rating System, developed by the U.S. Green Building Council, providing a suite of standards for environmentally sustainable construction www.usgbc.org/leed
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gases A mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles
MDG Millennium Development Goals Eight international development goals that 192 UN member states have agreed to achieve by the year 2015 including reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates etc
Mn Million A number equivalent of a thousand thousands (1,000,000)
MSCI Provider of investment decision support tools to investment institutions worldwide.  https://www.msci.com/
MSSS Mythri Sarva Seva Samithi  Mythri Sarva Seva Samithi, Bangalore (1987) is a registered, nonprofit organization involved with urban poor and waste related environmental issues.
MSW Mixed Solid Waste Mixed waste refers to any combination of waste types with different properties. 
MT Metric Tonnes A unit of measure in the metric system denoting 1000 Kilograms
MTLC Mission10X Technology Learning Centers MTLC is a collaborative effort between Mission10X and partner institution to enhance the Engineering attributes of the Engineering graduates through Project Based Learning (PBL)
NASSCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies The premier trade body and the chamber of commerce of the Information Technology – Business Process Outsourcing industries in India www.nasscom.org
NCC The Natural Capital Coalition The Natural Capital Coalition is a global, multi stakeholder open source platform for supporting the development of methods for natural and social capital valuation in business. www.naturalcapitalcoalition.org
NCF Nature Conservation Foundation The Nature Conservation Foundation is a non-governmental wildlife conservation and research organization which promote the use of science for wildlife conservation in India ncf-india.org
NCF National Curriculum Framework The National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005) is one of four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India. The document provides the framework for making syllabii,[1] textbooks and teaching practices within the school education programmes in India. The
NGO Non Government Organization A legally constituted, non-governmental organization created by natural or legal persons with no participation or representation of any government
NHRD National Human Resources Development The National HRD Network is the National Apex body of professionals committed to promoting the HRD movement in the country and enhancing the capability of human resource professionals to compete globally and thereby creating value for society.
NOx Oxides of Nitrogen Any binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen like nitrous oxide or a mixture of such compounds
NSE National Stock Exchange National Stock Exchange, based in India www.nseindia.com
NVG National Voluntary Guidelines A set of nine principles that offer businesses an Indian understanding and approach to inculcating responsible business conduct. www.nyse.com
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  An international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. www.oecd.org
OHSAS Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series an international occupational health and safety management system specification intended to help organizations control occupational health and safety risks www.ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety.com
PAQM Participative aquifer mapping The Responsible Water program of Wipro to create a community centered participatory approach for management of ground water in Sarjapur area.
PBT profit Profit Before Tax Sales revenue minus cost of goods sold and all expenses except for taxes.
PDC Upcoming Wipro campus in Pune
PEET Partner Employee Engagement (PEET) The program initiated by Wipro to enable career growth, training and competency development of contract workforce in order to enhance retention possibilities
PF Provident Fund Contributions based state provision with an aim to provide a fund due to retirement, unemployment, sickness etc. www.epfindia.com
PGWM Participative Ground Water Management
POC Persistent organic chemicals Particulate organic carbon (POC) is that carbon that is too large and is filtered out of a sample.
POP Persistent organic pollutants Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) areorganic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
PPA Power purchase agreements Power purchase agreements are contracts between two parties, one who generates electricity for the purpose (the seller) and one who is looking to purchase electricity (the buyer).
PPM Planned Preventive Maintenance A scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.
PRI &PRII Principles for Responsible Investment An investor initiative in partnership with UNEP Finance Initiative and the UN Global Compact. www.unpri.org
PSCI The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative (PSCI) is a group of pharmaceutical and healthcare companies who share a vision of better, social, environmental and economic outcomes in the communities where they buy. pscinitiative.org
PwD Person with Disabilities
Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 Quarter 1 / 2/ 3 / 4 Quarters of financial year
QES Quality Education Study Study of popular schools in India's metros on student learning outcomes, but also student attitudes and values, co-scholastic learning and organizational aspects and learning environment in partnership with Educational Initiatives (EI).
R&D Research and Development A function within an organization through which new products and new forms of old products are created through technological innovation by doing basic and/or applied research.
RE Renewable Energy Renewable energy is generally defined asenergy that comes from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat.
Rs Rupees ( Indian currency) A symbol for the currency of India.
RS Responsible Siting Responsible Siting (RS) is the freshwater demand that can be potentially met by rainwater.
RSI Repetitive Strain Injuries A repetitive strain injury (RSI) is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions.
S&P ESG India Index Standard & Poor Environment, Society & Governance Index which measures environmental, social, and corporate governing practices based on quantitative rather than subjective factors with the implementation of a unique and innovative methodology standardized by S&P Indices.
SAP SAP is one of the largest enterprise software companies in the world. www.sap.com
SBU Strategic Business Unit Strategic business unit (SBU) is a profit center which focuses on product offering and market segment.
SCOC Supplier Code of Conduct Code of business conduct and ethics that sets the broad direction and defines specific guidelines for all suppliers.
SEBI Securities and Exchange board of India Regulatory body in India with a mandate to protect investors and regulate securities markets. www.sebi.gov.in
Sedex Supplier Ethical Data Exchange A not for profit membership organisation dedicated to driving improvements in responsible and ethical business. www.sedexglobal.com
SL Service Lines
SLIM Student Learning in Metros A national level research study to understand how well children are learning in the top schools of our country jointly conducted by EI and Wipro – Applying Thought in Schools.
SME Small and Medium Enterprise
Solar PV Solar PhotoVoltaic Arrays of cells that convert solar radiation into direct current electricity.
SOx Oxides of Sulphur Any binary compound of oxygen and sulphur like sulphur dioxide.
SPM Suspended particulate matter A collective name for fine solid or liquid particles added to the atmosphere by processes at the earth's surface.
STP Software Technology Park Software Technology Parks of India (STPI), is a society set up by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India in 1991, with the objective of encouraging, promoting and boosting the Software Exports from India.
T (used in conjunction with material) Tonnes Unit of measure in the metric system, equivalent to 1000 kilograms. Used in conjunction with materials like TCO2 is for Tonnes of Carbon dioxide.
TEEB The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is a global initiative focused on drawing attention to the economic benefits of biodiversity including the growing cost of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. www.teebweb.org
TERI BCSD The Energy and Resources Institute World Business Council for Sustainable Development The Indian partner of the WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development), Geneva set up by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in 2001 to create a synergy for the corporate sector as a whole to move towards sustainability. bcsd.teri.res.in
TIE Theatre in Education Theatre in Education (TIE) is a process in which it includes all the interactive theatre/drama practices that help aid the educational process.
U.N. United Nations an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and the achieving of world peace. www.un.org
UAE United Arab Emirates
UCF Unified Competency Framework A step-by-step competency building exercise for employees to up-skill technically through structured learning & assessment.
UMASS University of Massachusetts Boston www.umass.edu
UNDP United Nations Development Programme The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life and advocating for change. www.in.undp.org
UNEP United Nations Environment Program www.unep.org
UNGC United Nations Global Compact a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption. www.unglobalcompact.org
US, USA United States of America
USD United States Dollar The currency of United States of America.
USSEF US Science Education Fellowships Wipro's program focused on improving Science and Math education in schools primarily serving disadvantaged communities in US cities
UTLP Unified Technology Learning Platform UTLP (Unified Technology Learning Platform), a multi-disciplinary technology kit and curriculum in the colleges
VOC Volatile organic compounds Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
WARM Waste Reduction Model A model created by EPA (Environment Protection Agency, US) to track and report GHG emissions from different waste management practices.
WASE [W] Wipro Academy of Software Excellence WASE is a pioneering initiative in the field of higher education in collaboration with BITS Pilani that selects the finest students from the B.Sc streams for a four year work integrated program leading to an integrated degree in engineering.
WBPO [W] Wipro Business Process Services Wipro BPs+C56 Solutions is a leading provider of Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)focusing on the complex, voice and non-voice based segment of customer-care services. e BPO offerings are around – customer service, technical help desk, finance and accounts outsourcing, HR and procurement outsourcing. www.wipro.com 
WCCLG Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting (WCCLG) is among the top fastest growing FMCG companies in India.  www.wcclg.com
WebEX WebEx is an easy way to exchange ideas and information with anyone, anywhere which combines real-time desktop sharing with phone conferencing, so everyone sees the same thing as you talk.
WEESA Wipro Employability Enhancement for South Africa
WEF World Economic Forum An independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world through multi stakeholder engagements.
WEL Wipro Enterprise Limited
WI [W] Wipro Infotech Wipro Infotech is the leading strategic IT partner for companies across India and Middle East - offering integrated IT solutions. Wipro Infotech plans, deploys, sustains and maintains the entire IT lifecycle through, total outsourcing, consulting services, business solutions and professional services. Wipro Infotech is also leading provider of branded IT hardware like PC's and Servers in the Indian market. www.wipro.com 
WIN Wipro Infrastructure
WiSTA Wipro Software Technology Academy (WiSTA) The WiSTA (Wipro Software Technology Academy) is a programme launched by Wipro in 2011 which aims to provide an opportunity in the Earn While You Learn space by giving young science graduates the best in class IT training along with a 4-year M.S / M.Tech Program in Information Technology, received from VIT University, Vellore, prestigious and renowned University providing quality higher education.
WLQ Wipro Leaders Qualities Wipro Leaders Qualities (WLQ) survey which is a 360-degree feedback mechanism was extended to include middle managers, covering around 19,000 employees across the organization.
WOW Women Of Wipro An umbrella program in Wipro – with the primary aim in making the workplace more engaging, suitable and friendly for women.
WRI World Resources Insitute WRI is a global research organization that turns big ideas into action at the nexus of environment, economic opportunity and human well-being. www.wri.org
WS Water Sustainability Water Sustainability (WS) is amount of total demand met by rainfall and treated water.
WT [W] Wipro Technologies Wipro Technologies, a division of Wipro Limited (NYSE:WIT) provides comprehensive research and development services, IT solutions and services, including systems integration, information systems outsourcing, package implementation, software application management, and datacenter managed services to corporations globally. www.wipro.com 
WWF World Wildlife Fund The leading organization in wildlife conservation and endangered species. www.wwfindia.org